Integrating a civil-military system for the protection of PLA facilities and communications may be one of the largest challenges, because of China's balkanized governance structure that gives local governments a lot of autonomy "Growth Imperative Challenges Even Chinese Security Regulations," China Brief, July While military press celebrated a People's Armed Police unit and a Sichuanese county working with provincial research institutes to develop reconnaissance and communications equipment to serve this mission, the localized development of such equipment makes it more difficult for civil or military authorities to enforce standards PLA Daily, August 1; Renmin Zhengxie Bao, August 5.
This local autonomy allows companies to bid on security contracts without any clear process for screening technology used for sensitive purposes, creating supply chain vulnerabilities Global Times, July What was not clear was whether PLA leadership is aware of the problems in trying to integrate a slowly homogenizing PLA with wildly different civilian organizations. National defense mobilization in the context of civil-military integration usually refers to PLA access to civilian resources in wartime; however, the tenor of August 1 press suggests Beijing wants to integrate local military units into society to provide social stability and provide a more organized support base from which the PLA can draw.
In Jiaozuo Municipality, a model city for civil-military support, many PLA officers return to assume important posts in the government as the city has made an effort to incorporate demobilized soldiers in the city's administrative and business life Guangming Daily, August 1. The People's Daily ran a feature, "Out of Uniform but Still a Soldier," about an old war hero who settled into civilian life with the discipline and self-sacrifice that earned him several medals. The hero, Li Wenxiang, according to the article, did not quibble over benefits and rationing, relinquishing his share in times of need, and, as an official, organized people to confront development challenges as though they were battles August 1.
Liang also drew the connection between the reincorporation of PLA soldiers into all walks of life and society's ability to educate and raise the talent required by the PLA Qiushi, August 1.
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The question is simply how to make the PLA better and the civil-military integration to leverage civilian capabilities for army building is the fastest way to raise the PLA's capability PLA Daily, July 7. How the PLA will fight also has been established with integrated joint operations. Here are a few possible initial steps that can be done to meet this complex challenge: First, the U.
Andrew S. Erickson
Second, the U. Third, the United States should work much more closely with its allies in Europe, Asia, and other parts of the world to forge a collaborative multilateral approach, because the United States cannot successfully compete with China in the techno-security arena alone. Associated Reading This article draws from a book-length study that the author is currently completing.
For related readings, see: Xinhua News Agency. March Cheung, Tai Ming.
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East Asia Institute Working Paper. Cheung, Tai Ming, and Tom Manhken, eds. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press.
Issues and Studies. Nota Bene Content appearing from Minerva-funded researchers—be it the sharing of their scientific findings or the Owl in the Olive Tree blogs posts—does not constitute Department of Defense policy or endorsement by the Department of Defense. Skip to main content Press Enter. Although the Soviet Union and Japan were different political regimes—the former authoritarian and the latter liberal democratic—they did share some important characteristics: Both were techno-nationalist states closed technological borders, emphasis on indigenous technological development , although Japan pursued a commercial techno-nationalist approach while the Soviet Union emphasized military techno-nationalist development.
The foundations of technological and industrial development for both states military-industrial for the Soviet Union, commercial-export for Japan were based on absorption relying on foreign sources and engineering incremental industrial development. Building an advanced defense science, technological, and industrial base.
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